Interferential Muscle Stimulation: is used to produce muscle contraction, stretching of fibrotic tissue, and hyperemia. Blocks pain, reduces swelling, and inflammation. Promotes muscle tone and speeds up the healing process. It also stimulates muscle by supplying an artificial contraction or spasms in or to fatigue the muscles, which are in spasms.
Intersegmental Traction, mechanical (one or more areas) The force used to create a degree of tension of soft tissues and/or to allow for separation between joint surfaces. The degree of traction is controlled through the amount of force (pounds) allowed, duration (time), and angle of pull (degrees) using mechanical means.
Ultrasound, is highly affective in treating calcium deposits, reduces nerve root irritation, increases blood flow, relaxes muscle spasms, massages damaged tissue and speeds the healing process. It reduces edema, increases intracellular metabolism and acts as a localanesthesia producing relief of pain.
Diathermy: The physiological effects includeincreased blood flow. circulation, relaxation of muscle spasms and can speed up the healing process. Used as a deep heat (asopposed to surface heating of moist heat packs), by way of short wave electromagnetic energy, it relaxes connectiver tissue and can increase range of motion, reduce muscle spasms and cramping. It dialates blood vessels for improved circulation. Stimulates white blood cell production. Increases metabolism and waste removeal. Helps prevent adhesions and scar tissue.
Paraffin Bath: Wax treatmentused to apply superficial heat that has longer duration for the effects of the underlying tissues. Usually used with the hands / feet and especially useful for pain relief in chronic orthopedic problems.